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Library and Information Science Questions Answers Quizzes

Library and Information Science Questions Answers Quizzes (LIS Quiz)

Library and Information Science Questions Answers Quizzes (LIS Quiz) is a collection of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and Quizzes covering all the areas of Library and Information Science, Librarianship Studies and Information Technology related to libraries and library management, with special reference to solutions to library cataloging, metadata, and classification problems using RDA, AACR2, MARC21, DDC, LCC, LCSH, FRBR, FRAD, FRSAD, BIBFRAME, etc. 

Whether you are studying, doing research, or a working professional, this is the place for you to develop a sound knowledge of Library and Information Science. For librarians, catalogers, i-School Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) & Ph.D. students, researchers, and LIS professionals. Free for everyone Forever...

Questions on similar subjects are grouped together so as the give a clear understanding of the subject. For example, questions on the Library of Congress Classification (LCC) will be provided in one place. Under similar subjects, e.g. LCC, basic questions are given first which is followed by advanced level questions.

This collection of questions will act not only as a question bank on Library and Information Science but also be a good tool for appearing in the competitive exams (e.g. UGC-NET in Library and Information Science) and interviews and keeping updated with the new knowledge for LIS professionals all around the world.

Library and Information Science Questions, Answers, and Quizzes is envisioned to become the single largest database of Frequently Asked Questions on Library and Information Science (LIS Quiz & FAQ)

A Featured LIS question and answer appears first with a link to the original blog post for the question.

A syllabus is provided then, which divides the whole LIS field into XI units. The topics/contents provided in the different units are for basic reference only as the questions included in those units will be on other related topics also.

This is followed by Library and Information Science (LIS) questions which are grouped into different units. Questions are given as hyperlinks that take to the blog article of the questions with options which may be the answers. The correct answer follows then along with further information about the subject of the question and references.

Utmost care has been taken in providing the correct solution for the questions. However, any suggestions and submissions for further improvement are welcome from the experts in the field of Library and Information Science.


  • Featured Library and Information Science Question Answer Quiz
  • Library and Information Science Studies Syllabus
  • Library and Information Science Questions Quizzes 



What does the acronym FRBR stand for?


(a) Functional Requirements for Better Records

(b) Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records

(c) Functional Records for Big Research Libraries

Correct Answer

(b) Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records


Unit I - Information and its Communication
  • Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom.  
  • Information Life Cycle - Generation, Collection, Storage and Dissemination. 
  • Role of Information in Planning, Management, Socio-economic, Cultural, Educational and Technological Development. 
  • Information Science - Relationship with other subjects, Information Society and Knowledge Society. 
  • Communication – Concept, Types, Theories, Models, Channels and Barriers; Trends in Scholarly Communication.  
  • Information Industry - Generators, Providers and Intermediaries.  
  • IPR and Legal Issues - Categories, Conventions, Treaties, Laws. 
  • Plagiarism: Concept and Types. 
  • Right to Information Act (RTI); Information Technology Act.  
  • National Knowledge Commission; National Mission on Libraries. 

Unit II - LIS Laws, Legislation, Education, Associations, and Profession
  • Historical Development of Libraries; Committees and Commissions on Libraries. 
  • Types of Libraries – Academic, Public, Special and National. 
  • Library Legislation and Library Acts; The Press and Registration of Books Act; The Delivery of Books and Newspapers (Public Libraries) Act.  
  • Laws of Library Science.  
  • Library and Information Science Profession - Librarianship as a Profession, Professional Skills and Competences; Professional Ethics.  
  • Professional Associations - National – ILA, IASLIC, IATLIS; International – IFLA, ALA, CILIP, ASLIB, SLA; Role of UGC, RRRLF and UNESCO in Promotion and Development of Libraries.  
  • Library and Information Science Education in India and other countries. 
  • Library Public Relations and Extension Activities.  
  • Type of Users - User Studies, User Education. 
  • Information Literacy - Areas, Standards, Types and Models; Trends in Information Literacy.  

Unit III - Reference and Information Sources
  • Information Sources - Nature, Characteristics, Types and Formats.   
  • Sources of Information - Primary, Secondary and Tertiary; Documentary and Non-Documentary.  
  • Primary Information Sources (Print and Electronic) - Journals, Conference Proceedings, Patents, Standards, Theses & Dissertations, Trade Literature. 
  • Secondary Information Sources (Print and Electronic) - Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Bibliographies, Indexing & Abstracting, Statistical sources, Handbooks and Manuals. 
  • Tertiary Information Sources (Print and Electronic)- Directories, Year Books, Almanacs. 
  • Reference Sources - Bibliographical, Biographical, Educational, Language and Geographical. 
  • Electronic Information Resources - Subject Gateways, Web Portals, Bulletin Boards, Discussion Forums /Groups. 
  • Databases: Bibliographic, Numeric, Full text, Multimedia; Open Access Databases. 
  • Institutional and Human Resources. 
  • Evaluation of Reference Sources and Web Resources. 

Unit IV - Reference and Information Services
  • Community Information Services. 
  • Reference Service – Concept and Types; Referral Services 
  • Alerting Services - CAS, SDI, Inter Library Loan and Document Delivery. 
  • Mobile based Library Services and Tools – Mobile OPAC, Mobile Databases, Mobile Library Website, Library Apps, Mobile Library Instructions, Augmented Reality, SMS Alerts, Geo-Location, Reference Enquiry. 
  • Web 2.0 and 3.0 - Library 2.0- Concept, Characteristics, Components; Instant Messaging, RSS Feeds, Podcasts, Vodcasts, Ask a Librarian 
  • Collaborative Services- Social Networks, Academics Social Networks, Social Tagging, Social Bookmarking. 
  • Web – Scale Discovery Services 
  • National Information Systems and Networks: NISCAIR, DESIDOC, SENDOC, 
  • ENVIS, INFLIBNET, DELNET, NICNET, ERNET, National Knowledge Network (NKN), Biotechnology Information System Network 
  • International Information Systems and Networks: INIS, AGRIS, INSPEC, MEDLARS, BIOSIS, ERIC, Patent Information System (PIS), Biotechnology Information System (BIS). 
  • Library Resource Sharing and Library Consortia – National and International.  

Unit V - Information and Knowledge Organization and Management
  • Universe of Knowledge - Nature and Attributes; Modes of Formation of Subjects. 
  • Knowledge Organisation - Classification – Theories, Cannons, and Principles; Simple Knowledge Organisation System (SKOS), Taxonomies, Folksonomy, 
  • Trends in Classification.   
  • Mapping of Subjects in Library Classification Schemes – DDC, UDC and CC. 
  • Knowledge Organisation: Cataloguing - Cannons and Principles; Centralized and Co-operative Catalogue; Library Cataloguing Codes: CCC and AACR - II.  
  • Standards of Bibliographic Record Formats and Description – ISBD, MARC 21, CCF, RDA, FRBR, Bibframe. 
  • Standards for Bibliographic Information Interchange & Communication – ISO 2709, Z39.50, Z39.71. 
  • Metadata Standards: Dublin Core; MARC21, METS, MODES, EAD. 
  • Indexing Systems and Techniques: Assigned - Pre-coordinate; Post-Coordinate; Derived- Title-based; Vocabulary Control. 
  • Abstracting – Types and Guidelines. 
  • Information Retrieval System – Features, Components, Models and Evaluation. 

Unit VI - Library Management
  • Management - Principles, Functions and Schools of thought. 
  • Library and Information Centers Management - Book Selection Tools and Principles; Library Acquisition, Technical Processing, Circulation, Serial Control, Maintenance and Stock Verification; Preservation and Conservation; Hazards and Control Measures of Library Materials. 
  • Human Resource Management – Planning, Job Analysis, Job Description, Job Evaluation, Selection, Recruitment, Motivation, Training and Development, Performance Appraisal; Staff Manual. 
  • Financial Management in Libraries - Sources of Finance, Resource Mobilisation, Budgeting Methods; Cost Effective and Cost Benefit Analysis, Annual Reports & Statistics; Library Authority and Committee. 
  • Project Management - SWOT, PEST, PERT / CPM. 
  • Total Quality Management (TQM) - Concepts, Principles and Techniques, Six Sigma; Evaluation of Services of Libraries and Information Centers. 
  • Library Building, Furniture and Equipments; Green Library Building; Information Commons; Makers Space; Security and Safety. 
  • Management Information System (MIS), MBO, Change Management, Disaster Management, Crisis Management. 
  • Knowledge Management – Principles, Tools, Components and Architecture.   
  • Marketing of Library Products and Services – Plan, Research, Strategies, Mix, Segmentation, Pricing and Advertising; Management Consultancy. 

Unit VII - Computers and Information Technology
  • Computer Technology - Character Representation (ASCII, ISCII, Unicode); Computer Hardware, Software; Storage Devices; Input and Output Devices. 
  • Types of Software - System Software, Application Software. 
  • Programming Languages – Object Oriented, Procedural, High Level, Scripting; Web Languages.  
  • Telecommunication - Transmission Channels, Mode, and Media, ISDN, PSDN, Multiplexing, Modulation, Standards and Protocols.  
  • Wireless Communication – Media, Wi-fi, Li-fi, Satellite Communication, Mobile Communication. 
  • Computer Networks - Topologies, Types of Networks – LAN, MAN, WAN. 
  • Internet - Web browsers, WWW, E-mail; Search Engines, Meta and Entity Search engines. 
  • Internet Protocols and Standards – HTTP, SHTTP, FTP, SMTP, TCP/IP, URI, URL. 
  • Hypertext, Hypermedia, Multimedia, Video conferencing, Virtual Reality, Augmented Technologies. 
  • Data Security, Network Security, Firewalls, Cryptographic Techniques, Anti-virus software, Anti-spyware, Intrusion Detection System. 

Unit VIII - Library Automation, Information Systems, LIS Organizations and Networks
  • Library Automation – Areas, Planning, Selection of Hardware and Software, Implementation and Evaluation; Standards for Library Automation. 
  • Barcode, RFID, QR Code, Biometric, Smartcard: Features and Applications.  
  • Digitization – Planning, Selection of Materials, Hardware, Software, Process, Issues. 
  • Digital Library: Genesis, Characteristics, Types, Architecture; Standards, Formats and Protocols, DOI. 
  • Digital Preservation - Need, Purpose, Standards, Methods, Techniques, Projects (National and International).  
  • Digital Library Initiatives – National and International.  
  • Institutional Repositories - Need, Purpose, Types and Tools; Institutional Repositories in India; ROAR, DOAR, SHARPA-ROMIO. 
  • Content Management Systems – Architecture, Data Integration, CMS Software – Selection, Implementation and Evaluation. 
  • Application of Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems and Robotics in Libraries; Social Mobile Analytics Cloud (SMAC); Cloud Computing. 
  • Ontology – Tools (RDF, RDFS, Potege); Semantic Web, Linked Data, Big Data, Data Mining, Data Harvesting.

Unit IX - Research Methodology
  • Research - Concept, Purpose, Functions, Scope and Ethics; Types of Research – Basic and Applied, Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary.  
  • Research Methods: Historical, Descriptive, Experimental and Delphi.  
  • Research Design - Selection of Research Problem, Review of Literature; Formulation of Research Problem; Hypothesis – Formulation, Types and Testing; Sampling Techniques. 
  • Methods of Data Collection: Questionnaire, Interview, Observation, Library Records, Scales and Checklist. 
  • Data Analysis and Interpretation - Presentation of Data; Statistical Methods/ Techniques.  
  • Statistical Packages – Spreadsheet, SPSS, Bibexcel, ‘R’ Statistics.  
  • Research Report Writing and Citation Tools – Structure, Style, Contents, Guidelines; Style Manuals; Online Citation Tools; Reference Style Management Tools; Antiplagiarism Tools; Evaluation of Research Report.  
  • Metric Studies in LIS - Bibliometrics, Scientometric, Webometrics, Altmetrics;  
  • Impact Factors – Journal, Institutional and Authors;  h-Index, g-Index,  i10 Index. 
  • Trends in Library and Information Science Research.

Unit X - Library and Information Systems
  • Academic Library and Information System.  
  • Public Library and Information System.  
  • Special Library and Information System. 
  • Health Science Library and Information System.  
  • Corporate Library and Information System. 
  • Agricultural Library and Information System.  
  • Engineering and Technological Library and Information System.  
  • Archive, Museums and Oriental Libraries. 
  • Community Information System.  
  • Information Services and System for Persons with Disability, Children and Women. 

Unit XI - Miscellaneous LIS Topics
  • Miscellaneous topics in LIS not covered by the contents of Units I-X. 


Unit I - Information and its Communication

Unit II - LIS Laws, Legislation, Education, Associations, and Profession

Unit III - Reference and Information Sources

Unit IV - Reference and Information Services

Unit V - Information and Knowledge Organization and Management

Unit VI - Library Management

Unit VII - Computers and Information Technology

Unit VIII - Library Automation, Information Systems, LIS Organizations and Networks

Unit IX - Research Methodology

  • What is research? [(a) A method to obtain the solution of the problem (b) A descriptive method to obtain the solution of the problem (c) A systematic method to obtain the solution of the problem (d) A systematic method to obtain a tentative solution to the problem]
  • Research is an effort? [(a) To discover knowledge (b) To discover and develop knowledge (c) To verify the knowledge (d) To discover, develop, and verify knowledge]

Unit X - Library and Information Systems

Unit XI - Miscellaneous LIS Topics