Saturday, January 19, 2019

Biographies of Famous Librarians : Who's Who in Library and Information Science

Biographies of Famous Librarians and Library Information Professionals

LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE BIOGRAPHIES

List of biographies of top famous librarians, catalogers, library science teachers, and Library and Information Studies professionals. This is a list of notable librarians and people who have advanced libraries and librarianship. Also included are people primarily notable for other endeavors, such as politicians and writers, who have also worked as librarians. A highlight of this collection is the inclusion of videos on the life and contributions of the librarians.

Libraries have always been essential in a process of provision of access to knowledge to the users. In digital era Libraries are needed more than ever before, as they always strive to meet both the ends by making globally present information accessible to the globally present users. The Internet enables everyone to visit a library without leaving his/her home in order to get his/her book/information. Neil Gaiman perfectly describes what’s happening in digital times: “Google can bring you back 100,000 answers, a librarian can bring you back the right one.” In the backdrop of the aforesaid portrayal of the subject, the importance of Librarians in the present and future eras can hardly be overemphasized. Hence this blog, which is expected to be an important knowledge resource, for the Librarians, Information Scientists, LIS Faculty, research scholars and students. One of the highlights of the blog is to commemorate and honor the real heroes of the Library Profession, to whom the Librarians and Libraries of the present age owe a lot. Hence this blog post has been created to provide information about the librarians. The entries are arranged alphabetically.




CARLA HAYDEN

Carla Hayden (full name, Carla Diane Hayden; born August 10, 1952) is an American librarian and the 14th Librarian of Congress. Hayden is the first woman and the first African American to hold the post. She is the first professional librarian appointed to the post in over 60 years. From 1993 until 2016, she was the CEO of Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore, Maryland, and president of the American Library Association (ALA) from 2003 to 2004. During her presidency, she was the leading voice of the ALA in speaking out against the newly passed United States Patriot Act.¹



Video Title: Meet President Obama's Nominee for Librarian of Congress

Creator: The Obama White House

Original Published Date: Feb 24, 2016




CHARLES AMMI CUTTER

Charles Ammi Cutter (March 14, 1837 – September 6, 1903) was an American librarian. Cutter was born in Boston, Massachusetts. His aunt was an employee of the regional library in Boston. In 1856 Cutter was enrolled into Harvard Divinity School. He was appointed assistant librarian of the divinity school while still a student there and served in that capacity from 1857 to 1859. During that time, Cutter began designing a distinct cataloging schema for the library's outdated system. The catalog, dating from 1840, had a lack of order after the acquisition of 4,000 volumes from the collection of Professor Gottfried Christian Friedrich Lücke of University of Göttingen, which added much depth to the Divinity School Library's collection. During the 1857-58 school year, Cutter rearranged the library collection on the shelves into broad subject categories along with classmate Charles Noyes Forbes. During the winter break of 1858-59, they arranged the collection into a single listing alphabetically by author. This project was finished by the time Cutter graduated in 1859. By 1860 Cutter was already a seasoned staff member of the library and a full-time librarian. He became a journeyman to the chief cataloger and assistant librarian to Dr. Ezra Abbot. At Harvard College Cutter developed a new form of index catalog, using cards instead of published volumes, containing both an author index and a "classed catalog" or a rudimentary form of subject index. In 1868 the Boston Athenæum library elected Cutter as its head librarian. His first assignment was to organize and aggregate the inventory of the library and develop a catalog from that and to publish a complete dictionary catalog for their collection. The previous librarian and assistants had been working on this, but much of the work was sub par and, according to Cutter, needed to be redone. This did not sit well with the trustees who wanted to get a catalog published as soon as possible. However, the catalog was revised and published in five volumes known as the Athenæum Catalogue. Cutter was the librarian at the Boston Athenaeum for twenty-five years.²


Video Title: Charles Ammi Cutter: A Significant Cataloguer

Creator: Anne Welsh (University College, London)

Original Published Date: Nov 26, 2013




CHRIS SHERRATT

Chris Sherratt is a librarian at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).



Video Title: Treasure hunter

Video Summary: Librarian or sleuth detective? Gone are the days of riffling through dusty old card catalogues. Chris Sherratt has been an MIT librarian for more than 25 years. She will stop at nothing to track down a resource.

Creator: MIT School of Engineering

Original Published Date: Sep 8, 2017



LOIS MAI CHAN

Lois Mai Chan (July 30, 1934 – August 20, 2014) was an American librarian, author, and professor at the University of Kentucky School of Library and Information Science until 2011. Her publications on cataloging, library classification, and subject indexing were recognized with various awards. Chan was born in 1934 in Taiwan, and studied foreign languages at National Taiwan University. After moving to the United States, she obtained a Master's of Arts from Florida State University, and a Ph.D. from the University of Kentucky. She began her library career as a serials cataloger at the University of Kentucky in 1966. By 1980, she was a professor in the library sciences department at the university. Chan began publishing books in the late 1970s, beginning with Library of Congress Subject Headings: Principles and Application, a text on the Library of Congress (LC) system of subject headings. She followed with texts on library cataloging, the LC classification scheme, and the Dewey Decimal Classification. She received the American Library Association Margaret Mann Citation for her contributions to the library science profession. Chan died on August 20, 2014, aged 80³.



Video Title: Telling Chinese American Librarians' Stories: Lois Mai Chan

Video Summary: Lois Mai Chan, beloved professor, researcher, and author in the field of cataloging and classification, retired in 2011 after 45 years of service to the University of Kentucky. In her career, she published over 20 books, gave lectures around the world, won numerous grants and awards, and served as a consultant to the Library of Congress. Her textbooks are used in library schools around the world, including the popular "Cataloging and Classification: An Introduction." This video commemorates her illustrious career and contributions to the field of library and information science. It was produced by Team G of the 2014 ALA Emerging Leaders in association with the Chinese American Librarians Association.

Creator: CALAChannel

Original Published Date: Jun 3, 2014



MELVIL DEWEY

Melvil Dewey (full name, Melville Louis Kossuth "Melvil" Dewey; born December 10, 1851; died December 26, 1931) was an American librarian and educator, inventor of the Dewey Decimal system of library classification, and a founder of the Lake Placid Club⁴.



Video Title: True Library Story: Melvil Dewey, The Man Behind the Decimal

Video Summary: Biographical presentation on the life of Melvil Dewey.  Starring famous Pittsburgh underground actor Damien maruscak

Original Published Date: Apr 26, 2010



Video Title: Melvil Dewey

Video Summary: This is a short biography of Melvil Dewey and what influenced him to develop the Dewey Decimal System.

Creator: Library Learners

Original Published Date: Oct 17, 2013




S. R. RANGANATHAN

S. R. Ranganathan (full name, Siyali Ramamrita Ranganathan (S.R.R.); born 09 August 1892; died 27 September 1972) was a mathematician and librarian from India. His birth date is also written 12 August 1892 but he himself wrote his birth date 09 August 1892 in his book "five laws of library science". His most notable contributions to the field were his five laws of library science and the development of the first major faceted classification system, the colon classification. He is considered to be the father of library science, documentation, and information science in India and is widely known throughout the rest of the world for his fundamental thinking in the field. His birthday is observed every year as the National Librarian's Day in India. He was a university librarian and professor of library science at Banaras Hindu University (1945–47) and professor of library science at the University of Delhi (1947–55). The last appointment made him director of the first Indian school of librarianship to offer higher degrees. He was president of the Indian Library Association from 1944 to 1953. In 1957 he was elected an honorary member of the International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID) and was made a vice-president for life of the Library Association of Great Britain⁵.



Video Title: S. R. Ranganathan

Written Produced & Directed by: Randor Guy



SHABAHAT HUSAIN

Shabahat Husain (born May 3, 1952) is an Indian professor who worked at the Department of Library and Information Science, Aligarh Muslim University, from 1976 to 2017, during the period he not only established himself as one of the finest teacher but also as a prolific author, an able administrator and a devoted library professional. Presently, he is serving the coveted position of President of Indian Library Association (ILA), the oldest national body (estd.1933) of librarians and information professionals in India. He is known at the national and international level through his publications and lectures available on YouTube⁶.


Video Title: Shabahat Husain

Creator: Librarianship Studies & Information Technology







SEE ALSO



REFERENCES
  1. Wikipedia, "Carla Hayden," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carla_Hayden (accessed January 19, 2019).
  2. Wikipedia, "Charles Ammi Cutter," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Ammi_Cutter (accessed January 19, 2019).
  3. Wikipedia, "Lois Mai Chan," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lois_Mai_Chan (accessed January 19, 2019).
  4. Wikipedia, "Melvil Dewey," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melvil_Dewey (accessed January 19, 2019).
  5. Wikipedia, "S. R. Ranganathan," https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._R._Ranganathan (accessed January 19, 2019).
  6. Librarianship Studies & Information Technology, "Shabahat Husain," https://www.librarianshipstudies.com/2019/01/shabahat-husain.html (accessed January 19, 2019).



CITATION INFORMATION

Article Title
  • Biographies of Famous Librarians : Who's Who in Library and Information Science
Website Name
  • Librarianship Studies & Information Technology
URL
  • https://www.librarianshipstudies.com/2019/01/biographies-librarians-whos-who-library-information-science.html
Last Updated
  • January 19, 2019
Original Published Date
  • March 2, 2018



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