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Who Developed Library of Congress Classification System?

(a) Charles Martel

(b) Herbert Putnam

(c) James C.M. Hanson

(d) James C.M. Hanson and Charles Martel

Library and Information Science Quiz Questions Answers


(d) James C.M. Hanson and Charles Martel

James C.M. Hanson and Charles Martel developed / invented the Library of Congress Classification System (LCC)

Library of Congress Classification LCC


... ... Library of Congress moved to a new building in 1897. By this time, the Library’s collection had grown to one and a half million volumes and it was decided that Jefferson’s classification system was no longer adequate for the collection. A more detailed classification scheme was required for such a huge and rapidly growing collection of documents. The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), Cutter’s Expansive Classification and the German Halle Schema were studied, but none was considered suitable. It was decided to construct a new system to be called the Library of Congress Classification (LCC). James C.M. Hanson, Head of the Catalog Division, and Charles Martel, Chief Classifier, were made responsible for developing the new scheme. Hanson and Martel concluded that the new classification should be based on Cutter’s Expansive Classification as a guide for the order of classes, but with a considerably modified notation. Work on the new classification began in 1901. The first outline of the Library of Congress Classification was published in 1904 by Charles Martel and J.C.M. Hanson – the two fathers of Library of Congress Classification.