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Library and Information Science - Did You Know?

Library and Information Science - Did You Know?


Important information and facts to remember covering all the areas of Library and Information Science, Librarianship Studies and Information Technology related to libraries and library management. This collection of pieces of information in LIS will act not only as a ready reference knowledge bank on Library and Information Science but also be a good tool for appearing in the competitive exams and interviews and keeping updated with the new knowledge for LIS professionals all around the world.

Did you know in LIS mentions and links to important information and facts which are provided as answers to the questions given in the article Library and Information Science Questions Answers Quizzes.

A Featured LIS - Did You Know? appears first with a link to the original blog post for the question.

A syllabus is provided then, which divides the whole LIS field into XI units.

This is followed by Libary and Information Science - Did You Know? which are grouped under different units.


Unit I - Information and its Communication
  • Information, Information Science, Information Society 
  • Information as a Resource / Commodity 
  • Information Transfer Cycle--Generation, Collection, Storage, and Dissemination 
  • Role of Information in Planning, Management, Socio-Economic Development, Technology transfer
  • Communication--Channel, Barriers 
  • Intellectual Property Rights--Concept, Copyright, Censorship--Print and Non-print Media 
  • Library and Information Policy at the National Level
Unit II - LIS Laws, Legislation, Education, and Profession
  • Laws of Library Science 
  • Library Resource Sharing and Networking 
  • Library Movement and Library Legislation 
  • Library Extension Services
  • Library and Information Science Education
  • Library and Information Profession
  • Library Associations in India, UK, and the USA, and other countries--ILA, IASLIC, IATLIS, SIS, LA, ASLIB, SLA and ALA
  • Library Associations OrganizationS at International Level--FID, IFLA, and UNESCO, etc.
Unit III - Reference and Information Sources
  • Sources of Information--Primary, Secondary and Tertiary--Documentary and Non-documentary
  • Reference Sources--Encyclopaedias, Dictionaries, Geographical Sources, Biographical sources, Year Books/Almanacs, Directories and Handbooks, Statistical (salient features and evaluation)
  • Bibliographical Sources--Bibliographies, Union Catalogues, Indexing and Abstracting Journals (salient features and evaluations)
  • E-documents, E-books, E-journals
  • Databases--Bibliographic, Numeric and Full text--Evaluation
Unit IV - Reference and Information Services
  • Reference and Information Services, Referral Service
  • Bibliographic Service, Indexing and Abstracting Service, CAS, SDI, Digest Service, Trend Report
  • Online Services, Translation Services, Reprographic Services
Unit V - Information and Knowledge Organization and Management
  • Organization/Management of Knowledge/Information
  • Modes of formation of subjects
  • Library Classification--Cannon and Principles
  • Library Classification Schemes--DDC, UDC, CC, LCC, etc.
  • Library Cataloguing--Cannons and Principles
  • Library Cataloguing Codes--CCC, AACR-II, RDA, etc.
  • Bibliographic Records--International Standards--ISBD, MARC, CCF, BIBFRAME
  • Indexing--Pre-coordinate, Post-coordinate
  • Vocabulary Control--Thesaurus, List of Subject Headings, LCSH
  • Databases--Search Strategies, Boolean Operators
  • Knowledge Management
Unit VI - Library Management
  • Management--Principles, Functions, School of Thought
  • Planning, Organization Structure
  • Decision making
  • System Study--Analysis, Evaluation, and Design
  • Collection Development--Books, Serials, Non-book Materials--Selection, Acquisition, Maintenance; ISBN, ISSN, Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP)
  • Human Resources Management--Manpower Planning, Job Analysis, Job Description, Selection, Recruitment, Motivation, Training and Development, Staff Manual, Leadership and Performance Evaluation, Delegation of Authority
  • Financial Management--Resource Generation, Types of Budgeting, Cost and Cost Benefit Analysis
  • Library Buildings and Equipment
  • Performance Evaluation of Libraries/Information Centers and Services
  • Marketing Information Product and Services
  • Total Quality Management (TQM)
Unit VII - Computers and Information Technology
  • Information Technology--Components; Impact of IT on Society
  • Computers--Hardware, Software, Storage Devices, Input/Output Devices
  • Telecommunication--Transmission media, Switching systems, Bandwidth, Multiplexing, Modulation, Protocols, Wireless Communication
  • Fax, Email, Tele conferencing / video conferencing, Bulletin Board Service, Teletext, Videotex, Voice Mail
  • Networking--Concepts, Topologies, Types--LAN, MAN, WAN
  • Hypertext, Hypermedia, Multimedia, 
  • Integrated Service Digital Network (ISDN), Open Systems Interconnections (OSI)
Unit VIII - Information Systems and LIS Organizations and Networks
  • Library Automation--Areas of automation, Planning, Hardware, and Software Selection, OPAC
  • INTERNET--Components, Services, Browsing--Web Browsers, Search Engines, Meta-Data, Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
  • National and International Information Systems--NISSAT, NASSDOC, INSDOC, DESIDOC, INIS, AGRIS, MEDLARS, INSPEC, etc.
Unit IX - Research Methodology
  • Types of Research--Basic, Applied, Interdisciplinary
  • Research Design
  • Scientific Method, Hypothesis, Data Collection, Sampling
  • Methods of Research--Historical, Descriptive, Case Study, Survey, Comparative and Experimental
  • Statistical Methods, Data Analysis
  • Report Writing
  • Research Methods in Library and Information Science and Services
  • Bibliometrics
Unit X - Libraries and its Users
  • Types of Libraries--National, Public, Academic, and Special--Objectives, structures, and functions
  • Digital Libraries (Concept)
  • Virtual Libraries (Concept) 
  • Types of Users, User's Studies, User's Education 
  • Role of UGC in the Growth and Development of libraries and information centers in institutes of Higher Education in India, Raja Rammohun Roy Library Foundation (RRRLF).
  • Growth and development of libraries and information centers in different countries
Unit XI - Miscellaneous LIS Topics
  • Miscellaneous topics in LIS not covered by contents of Units I-X. 


Click the questions to view Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog article of the question with the answer and further study references.

Unit I - Information and its Communication

Unit II - LIS Laws, Legislation, Education, and Profession

Unit III - Reference and Information Sources

Unit IV - Reference and Information Services

Unit V - Information and Knowledge Organization and Management

Unit VIII - Library Automation, Information Systems, and LIS Organizations and Networks

Unit X - Libraries and its Users

Unit XI - Miscellaneous LIS Topics



  • Last Updated: 2020-02-08
  • Written: 2017-09-17

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