Friday, October 19, 2018

Write for Librarianship Studies - Guidelines for Authors

Write for Librarianship Studies - Guidelines for Authors

Welcome Library and Information Science Experts – Join Librarianship Studies and gain a global audience for your writings. Here at LibrarianshipStudies.com, we are constantly in contact with people who are interested in sharing their story or perspective about library school or the profession of librarianship. We welcome your original unpublished ideas and works. Contribute your best work for the librarian’s community. All the articles shared by you will remain open to and freely accessible by the public to assure maximum visibility.

Wednesday, October 3, 2018

I love being a Librarian because...

I love being a Librarian because...

Top 30 Reasons Why Librarians Love Being a Librarian.

Sunday, September 16, 2018

Cataloger's Reference Directory

Cataloger's Reference Directory

100+ Most Important Cataloging Tools and Resources for Cataloging and Metadata Librarians and Catalogers. Cataloger's Reference Directory is a collection of top free and paid cataloging and bibliographic metadata resources. It includes sources for descriptive cataloging, subject cataloging, authority control, classification, subject headings, subject indexing, and metadata description.

Tuesday, August 21, 2018

Library and Information Science Encyclopedia

Library and Information Science Encyclopedia

Library and Information Science Encyclopedia is an Online Encyclopaedia of Library and Information Sciences. It provides articles on librarianship studies, library science, information science, information technology, information and knowledge organization, and management. The encyclopedia includes articles on everything from traditional library terms to a vocabulary of modern avenues in information science and technology. Encyclopedia articles will include anything and everything required for an advanced study and reference on the Library and Information Science (LIS) topics, including biographies of famous librarians.

Library and Information Science Encyclopedia, which is currently under development, is envisioned to become an authoritative source for consultation and reference for any library or information profession related issue and a treasure hub of knowledge on Library and Information Science, which is open and free for all the library professionals worldwide. Library and Information Science Encyclopedia is expected to become an essential part of every library’s and librarian’s reference collection and will also be helpful to librarians, LIS i-School Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) & Ph.D. students, researchers, and IT professionals.

Monday, August 20, 2018

Library of Congress Classification

Library of Congress Classification LCC

This article describes the various aspects of Library of Congress Classification (LCC) and its suitability as a library classification system for classifying library resources. It begins with an introduction, recounting its history and development, leading up to an explanation of principles, structure, tables, and notation. This is followed by number building examples with MARC 21 coding for LCC numbers. LCC tools and aids are listed thereafter with a description of the use of technology for efficient and consistent number building, and the process of proposing new numbers online to be added to the LCC schedules. Finally, analyzing both its advantages and criticisms it concludes that LCC is a suitable classification system for libraries.

Keywords: Library of Congress Classification; LCC; Library Classification

Sunday, August 19, 2018

'World Book and Copyright Day' is celebrated on :

(1) 22nd August

(2) 23rd April

(3) 23rd March

(4) 20th March

Saturday, August 18, 2018

Five Laws of Library Science

Five Laws of Library Science

The 5 Laws of Library Science is a theory proposed by S. R. Ranganathan in 1931, detailing the principles of operating a library system. Five laws of library science are called the set of norms, percepts, and guides to good practice in librarianship. Many librarians worldwide accept them as the foundations of their philosophy. Dr. S.R. Ranganathan conceived the Five Laws of Library Science in 1924. The statements embodying these laws were formulated in 1928. These laws were first published in Ranganathan's classic book entitled Five Laws of Library Science in 1931. These laws are:
  1. Books are for use.
  2. Every reader his / her book.
  3. Every book its reader.
  4. Save the time of the reader.
  5. The library is a growing organism.

Friday, August 17, 2018

Library and Information Science Dissertations and Theses

Library and Information Science Dissertations and Theses

Best Reference Sources for Doctoral and Master's Dissertations and Thesis in Library and Information Science; LIS Ph.D. and MLIS Thesis and Dissertations. 

Thursday, August 16, 2018

RDA Toolkit

RDA Toolkit
RDA Toolkit [Screen image from the RDA Toolkit (www.rdatoolkit.org)]

RDA Toolkit
¹ is an integrated, browser-based, online product that allows users to interact with a collection of cataloging-related documents and resources including RDA: Resource Description and Access. RDA Toolkit is published by the RDA Copyright Holders, viz. the American Library Association, Canadian Federation of Library Associations, Facet Publishing, the publishing arm of CILIP: the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals.² ALA Publishing is responsible for the day-to-day management and development of RDA Toolkit.

Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Be the change you want to see in the world

Be the change you want to see in the world

Be the change you want to see in the world.
--Mahatma Gandhi (born 2 October 1869 – died 30 January 1948, was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.)

My Take: I wish to see better service oriented libraries and people understanding the importance of libraries. I am working in the direction to achieve this goal with the help of the Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog

Monday, August 13, 2018

Library Circulation

Library Circulation

Library Circulation is the function of lending library materials (books, serials, sound recordings, moving images, cartographic materials, etc. that are owned by a library) to the users of the library.

Sunday, August 12, 2018

World Book and Copyright Day

World Book and Copyright Day - April 23

On April 23 World Book Day is Celebrated - World Book Day or World Book and Copyright Day (also known as International Day of the Book or World Book Days) is a yearly event on April 23rd, organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), to promote reading, publishing, and copyright. In the United Kingdom, the day is recognized on the first Thursday in March. World Book Day was celebrated for the first time on 23 April 1995. In some countries, World Book Day is observed on different dates.

Saturday, August 11, 2018

Best Quotes About Libraries Librarians and Library and Information Science

Quotes About Libraries Librarians and Library and Information Science

Top 42 Most Beautiful Quotations About Libraries, Librarians, Cataloging, Classification, Catalogers, and Library and Information Science. Famous quotes describing why libraries and cataloging important and librarians and catalogers indispensable. Includes inspirational and motivational quotes from famous personalities for personality development, personal development, self-improvement, and achieving greater success in personal and professional life. Below some of these quotes, is included a section "My Take" which is my perspective, opinion, or idea(s) about that quote when its implications are seen with reference to the development of Library and Information Science, Librarianship Studies & Information Technology.


Contents
  1. Introduction
  2. Quotes About Libraries
  3. Quotes About Librarians
  4. Library and Information Science Quotes
  5. Personality Development Quotes

Friday, August 10, 2018

Problems of Natural Language in Indexing

Problems of Natural Language in Indexing

PROBLEMS OF NATURAL LANGUAGE IN INDEXING

Derived indexing is based on the natural language of the documents which proves to be problematic sometimes in the Subject Indexing Process. These problems prompted to move towards the use of Assigned indexing. These problems  can be categorized under two heads:

Thursday, August 9, 2018

NET in Library and Information Science

NET Library and Information Science

National Eligibility Test (NET), also known as UGC NET, is an exam for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for the eligibility for Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship & Eligibility for Assistant Professor both in Library and Information Science in Indian universities and colleges. It is also a desired qualification for appointment of the post of librarian in libraries of universities, colleges, and government institutions in India. It has a comprehensive syllabus covering all the areas of Library and Information Science. For NET preparation see Library and Information Science NET Questions Answers.

On behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC), the National Testing Agency (NTA)¹ will conduct the test for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for the Eligibility for Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship and Eligibility for Assistant Professor both in Indian universities and colleges.

Until July 2018, CBSE conducted the UGC NET exam but from December 2018 onwards, NTA will be conducting the UGC National Eligibility Test. As per the press-release by Indian Government, the exam would be conducted twice a year, and it will be conducted in an online mode instead of offline mode.

Contents
  1. UGC NET Qualification Procedure
  2. Library and Information Science NET Syllabus 
  3. News and Updates for NET in Library and Information Science

Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Pre-Coordinate Indexing Systems

Pre-Coordinate Indexing Systems

PRE-COORDINATE SUBJECT INDEXING SYSTEMS

Nowadays most of the documents deal with complex and compound subjects, each comprising a number of components or concepts. The coordination of these component terms is either done at the input stage or at the output stage. The index in which the coordination of components (index terms) is done at the input stage, is known as a pre-coordinate index.  Coordination of index terms at the input stage means coordination of index terms at the time of preparation of the index by the indexer. In pre-coordinate indexing, a number of selected terms or keywords are coordinated by the indexer and the cards are prepared for display to the users.

Tuesday, August 7, 2018

Acquisitions

Library Acquisitions

Acquisitions or Library Acquisitions is the process of selecting and acquiring selected materials for library and information centers in all formats including digital items and maintaining the necessary records related to acquisitions. First, the selections of materials are done according to the collection development policy of the library. It involves pre-order bibliographic searching of the library catalog to avoid duplication of materials. Then the selected materials are acquired by ordering them for purchase, exchange, or gift. This is followed by receiving the materials, checking their quality, processing invoices, making payment to vendors or individuals, and maintaining the necessary records related to acquisitions.

Wednesday, August 1, 2018

Who Needs a Librarian and Cataloger When You Have Google and Internet?

Who Needs a Librarian and Cataloger When You Have Google and Internet?
"Who Needs a Librarian and Cataloger When You Have Google and Internet? Well, Who Needs a Teacher When You Have Wikipedia? And, Who Needs a Doctor When You Have WebMD? Just as the Wikipedia Doesn't Replace the Teacher, and WebMD Doesn’t Replace the Doctor, In the Same Way, Google Search and Internet Doesn’t Replace the Librarian and Cataloger."
--Salman Haider (b. 1977. Librarian, cataloger, blogger, and creator of Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog)

Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Resource Description and Access (RDA)

Resource Description and Access (RDA)

RESOURCE DESCRIPTION AND ACCESS (RDA)

RDA stands for “Resource Description and Access” and is the title of the standard, that is the successor to AACR2. Resource Description and Access (RDA) is a standard for descriptive cataloging providing instructions and guidelines on formulating bibliographic data. Resource Description & Access (RDA) is a set of cataloging instructions based on FRBR and FRAD, for producing the description and name and title access points representing a resource. RDA offers libraries the potential to change significantly how bibliographic data is created and used. RDA is a standard for resource description and access designed for the digital world. It provides (i) A flexible framework for describing all resources (analog and digital) that is extensible for new types of material, (ii) Data that is readily adaptable to new and emerging database structures, (iii) Data that is compatible with existing records in online library catalogs. RDA is a package of data elements, guidelines, and instructions for creating library and cultural heritage resource metadata that are well-formed according to international models for user-focused linked data applications.  RDA goes beyond earlier cataloging codes in that it provides guidelines on cataloging digital resources and places a stronger emphasis on helping users find, identify, select, and obtain the information they want. RDA also supports the clustering of bibliographic records in order to show relationships between works and their creators. 

Friday, July 20, 2018

Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life (Steve Jobs)

Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life (Steve Jobs)
Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma - which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of other's opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary. 
--Steve Jobs (Co-founder of Apple Inc.) in his commencement address at Stanford University in 2005. 

Friday, May 25, 2018

Library and Information Science Articles and News

Library and Information Science Articles and News

Top 200 Most Fantastic Library and Information Science Articles and News Every Librarian Must See.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Library and Information Science Videos

Library and Information Science Videos

Top 200 Most Fantastic Library and Information Science Videos Every Librarian Must See 

Library and Information Science Videos is an initiative of Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog to showcase the finest LIS videos for librarians, catalogers, metadata, archives, and knowledge professionals.

Note: If you are viewing this article on a mobile device then it is better to view in the web-version.


Library and Information Science Videos - Introduction

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science is a glossary of terms and acronyms of librarianship, library science, information science, information technology, and knowledge organization & management. Consider the glossary as a free Online Dictionary of Library and Information Science. The entries of the glossary are given an encyclopedic treatment, they are far more exhaustive than a typical glossary or dictionary entry which in many cases are equivalent to an article in an Encyclopedia of Library of Information Science. The glossary will include everything from traditional library terms to a vocabulary of modern avenues in information science and technology. Glossary entries will include anything and everything required for an advanced study and reference on the Library and Information Science (LIS) topics, including biographies of famous librarians and articles from Librarians Reference DirectoryIndividual entries in the LIS glossary appear in a blog article in the Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog. Glossary entries are revised from time to time, as required, to present the most up-to-date information on the subject. At the same time, new articles are continuously being added to the glossary. Glossary of Library and Information Science will become an essential part of every library’s and librarian’s reference collection and will also be helpful to librarians, LIS i-School Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) & Ph.D. students, researchers, and IT professionals. 

Sunday, May 20, 2018

Librarian

Librarian

Definition of a Librarian and 11 Excellent Infographics About The Librarian highlighting their duties, functions, roles, responsibilities, worth, and importance, with interesting facts and figures.

Saturday, May 19, 2018

Library and Information Science History On This Day

Library and Information Science History On This Day

Contents
  1. Library and Information Science History On This Day 
  2. On This Day - Library History - Calendar 
  3. Library and Information Science History Timeline 
First part is "Library and Information Science History On This Day" which lists important dates, occasions, and events for libraries and librarians "by day". This is followed by a "calendar" titled "On This Day - Library History". The last part is "Library and Information Science History Timeline" which lists important events and occasion "by year grouped by century" in the history of Library and Information Science.

Thursday, May 17, 2018

Assigned Indexing

Assigned Indexing

ASSIGNED INDEXING
In indexing, if the terms are selected from the title or the text of a document and used without any alteration as index terms, then this is referred to as natural language indexing or derived indexing. If however, the selected terms are translated or encoded into authorized terms by the help of a prescribed list, then the indexing language becomes controlled or artificial. This process is called Assigned Indexing.

Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Library and Information Science Portal

Library and Information Science Portal - LIS Portal

Library and Information Science Portal (LIS Portal) is a web portal featuring top popular stories from the Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog and other important sources.

Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science

Contents
  1. Library and Information Science 
  2. Library and Information Science Tweets: Top 10 Excellent Twitter Tweets About Libraries Librarians and Library and Information Science 
  3. Library and Information Science Infographics: Top 10 Excellent Infographics About Libraries Librarians and Library and Information Science

Monday, May 14, 2018

Library and Information Science Questions Answers Quizzes

Library and Information Science Questions Answers Quizzes

Library and Information Science Studies Quizzes Questions and Answers is a collection of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and Quizzes covering all the areas of Library and Information Science, Librarianship Studies and Information Technology related to libraries and library management, with special reference to solutions to library cataloging, metadata, and classification problems using RDA, AACR2, MARC21, DDC, LCC, LCSH, FRBR, FRAD, FRSAD, BIBFRAME, etc. 

Sunday, May 13, 2018

What are called the set of norms, percepts, and guides to good practice in librarianship?

(a) Canons of Cataloguing 

(b) Colon Classification

(c) Five Laws

(d) Five Laws of Library Science

Saturday, May 12, 2018

Monday, May 7, 2018

ISO 8601

ISO 8601

ISO 8601 describes an internationally accepted way to represent dates and times using numbers. It was issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was first published in 1988. The purpose of this standard is to provide an unambiguous and well-defined method of representing dates and times, so as to avoid misinterpretation of numeric representations of dates and times, particularly when data are transferred between countries with different conventions for writing numeric dates and times. When dates are represented with numbers they can be interpreted in different ways. For example the date of writing of this glossary entry, 05/07/16 could mean May 7, 2016, or July 5, 2016. On an individual level this uncertainty can be very frustrating, in a business context it can be very expensive. Organizing meetings and deliveries, writing contracts and buying airplane tickets can be very difficult when the date is unclear. ISO 8601 tackles this uncertainty by setting out an internationally agreed way to represent dates: YYYY-MM-DD. For example, May 7, 2016, is represented as 2016-05-07.

Thursday, January 18, 2018

Cataloging

Cataloging Cataloguing

Cataloging or Cataloguing or Library Cataloging is the process of creating and maintaining bibliographic and authority records in the library catalog, the database of books, serials, sound recordings, moving images, cartographic materials, computer files, e-resources etc. that are owned by a library. The catalog may be in tangible form, such as a card catalog or in electronic form, such as online public access catalog (OPAC). Relative to the movement of materials within technical services, cataloging usually follows the receipt of ordered books in acquisitions. The process of cataloging involves three major activities, namely, Descriptive Cataloging, Subject Cataloging, and Authority Control.

Monday, January 15, 2018

Chain Indexing

Chain Indexing

Chain Indexing or Chain Procedure is a mechanical method to derive subject index entries or subject headings from the class number of the document. It was developed by Dr. S.R. Ranganathan. He first mentioned this in his book “Theory of Library Catalogue” in 1938.

Sunday, January 14, 2018

Extended Date Time Format (EDTF)

Extended Date Time Format (EDTF)

The Extended Date/Time Format (EDTF) is a draft date-time standard initiated by the Library of Congress with the intention of creating more explicit date formatting and addressing date types that are not currently regulated by ISO 8601. The date time format ISO 8601 describes a number of date/time features, some of which are redundant and/or not very useful, on the other hand, there are a number of date and time format conventions in common use that are not included in ISO 8601. EDTF responds to a need for a date/time string more expressive than ISO 8601 can support. Current suggestions for additions are being noted and discussed within the EDTF community with the intention of formalizing the EDTF as an ISO 8601 amendment or as an extension to other Web-based date standards. EDTF defines features to be supported in a date/time string, features considered useful for a wide variety of applications.

Saturday, January 13, 2018

Index

Index Indexing

Contents

  • Index
  • Definitions of an index

INDEX
          The term ‘index’  has been derived from the Latin word ‘indicare’ which means to indicate or to point out. Here it refers to guide to a particular concept in a document.
          Index is a systematic guide to items contained in a document or concepts derived from it. Items denote the name of the author, title, etc.; concepts may be like classification, cataloging, etc. To elaborate a bit more it may be said that an index is a systematic guide to the items of published literature in a collection or concepts derived from a collection.

Friday, January 12, 2018

Keyword in Context (KWIC) Indexing

Keyword in Context (KWIC) Indexing

Keyword in Context (KWIC) Indexing system is based on the principle that the title of the document represents its contents. It is believed that the title of the document is one line abstract of the document. The significant words in the title indicate the subject of the document. a KWIC index makes an entry under each significant word in the title, along with the remaining part of the title to keep the context intact. The entries are derived using terms one by one as the lead term along with the entire context for each entry.

Thursday, January 11, 2018

Library Classification

Library Classification

Library Classification or Classification or Book Classification or Bibliographic Classification is the process of arranging, grouping, coding, and organizing books and other library materials (e.g. serials, sound recordings, moving images, cartographic materials, manuscripts, computer files, e-resources etc.) on shelves or entries of a catalog, bibliography, and index according to their subject in a systematic, logical, and helpful order by way of assigning them call numbers using a library classification system, so that users can find them as quickly and easily as possible. The call number serves a dual purpose: it determines the place of a book on the shelf and colocates books on the same topic next to each other.

Wednesday, January 10, 2018

Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)

Library of Congress Subject Headings LCSH

Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) is the list of headings produced from the subject authority file maintained by the United States Library of Congress for use in bibliographic records, and published annually. It is popularly known by its abbreviation as LCSH and is sometimes used interchangeably with the phrase subject authority file.

Monday, January 8, 2018

P. B. Mangla

Biography of Professor P. B. Mangla, a living legend in the field of Library and Information Science in India. He served the University of Delhi for about thirty years as an outstanding teacher. He has a distinction of being the first and youngest Professor of LIS in India.

Saturday, January 6, 2018

POPSI (Postulate-Based Permuted Subject Indexing)

POPSI (Postulate-Based Permuted Subject Indexing)

POPSI (POSTULATE-BASED PERMUTED SUBJECT INDEXING)

The inherent weakness of chain indexing has been its dependence on a scheme of classification. Another weakness was its disappearing chain. In view of this situation, the information scientists at the Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC), Banglore, directed themselves from these limitations; the Postulate Based Permuted Subject Indexing (POPSI) is the results of these efforts. It was developed by Ganesh Bhattacharya.

Friday, January 5, 2018

PRECIS (Preserved Context Index System)

PRECIS (Preserved Context Index System)

PRECIS (PRESERVED CONTEXT INDEX SYSTEM)

PRECIS is an acronym for PREserved Context Index System or PREserved Context Indexing System. PRECIS is a computer assisted pre-coordinate subject indexing system developed by Derek Austin in 1968 as a result of long research which the Classification Research Group (CRG) undertook to give a new general classification for information control. In 1969 British librarians Derek Austin and Peter Butcher issued PRECIS: A rotated subject index system, published by the Council of the British National Bibliography. This appears to be the first published report on an innovative method for adding subject data in the form of descriptors to the computerized MARC record. This system is considered as the most important development in alphabetical approach to subject specification in recent years.

Thursday, January 4, 2018

Who Developed Library of Congress Classification System?

(a) Charles Martel

(b) Herbert Putnam

(c) James C.M. Hanson

(d) James C.M. Hanson and Charles Martel

RDA Alternatives

Resource Description and Access (RDA) Alternatives

RDA ALTERNATIVES

In Resource Description and Access (RDA) cataloging rules there are a number of guidelines and instructions that are labeled as alternatives. Alternative guidelines and instructions in Resource Description and Access (RDA) provide an alternative approach to what is specified in the immediately preceding guideline or instruction. A cataloger can choose to follow the rule or the alternative

Which was the first Library of Congress Classification (LCC) schedule to be published?

(a) Z (Bibliography and Library Science) 

(b) L (Education)

(c) K (Law)

(d) E-F (American history and geography)

Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Subject Indexing Process

Subject Indexing Process

Contents

  • What is an index?
  • What are the most trusted definitions of an index?
  • What is subject indexing?
  • What is the subject indexing process?

Index
          The term ‘index’  has been derived from the Latin word ‘indicare’ which means to indicate or to point out. Here it refers to guide to a particular concept in a document.
          Index is a systematic guide of items contained in a document or concepts derived from it. Items denote the name of the author, title, etc.; concepts may be like classification, cataloging, etc. To elaborate a bit more it may be said that an index is a systematic guide to the items of published literature in a collection or concepts derived from a collection.

RDA Core Elements

RDA Core Elements

RDA CORE ELEMENTS

Core elements in Resource Description & Access (RDA) are minimum elements required for describing resources. Core elements are a new feature of RDA which allowed for certain metadata elements to be identified as “required” in the cataloging process. The assignment of core status is based on attributes mandatory for a national level record, as documented in the FRBR/FRAD modules. At a minimum, a bibliographic description should include all the required core elements that are applicable. Core-ness is identified at the element level. Some elements are always core (if applicable and the information is available); some are core only in certain situations. Core elements are identified in two ways within RDA. The first is that all core elements are discussed in general, and listed as a group, in the sub-instructions of "RDA 0.6: Core Elements". In the separate chapters, the core elements are also identified individually by the label “CORE ELEMENT” at the beginning of the instructions for each element. They are clearly labeled in light blue at each core instruction in RDA Toolkit.  If the status of an element as core depends upon the situation, an explanation appears after the “Core element” label.

Tuesday, January 2, 2018

Vocabulary Control

Vocabulary Control

VOCABULARY CONTROL

The term ‘vocabulary control’ refers to a limited set of terms that must be used to index documents, and to search for these documents, in a particular system. It may be defined as a list of terms showing their relationships and used to represent the specific subject of the document.

RDA Exceptions

Resource Description and Access (RDA) Exceptions

RDA EXCEPTIONS

In Resource Description and Access (RDA) cataloging rules there are a number of guidelines and instructions that are labeled as exceptions. Some instructions are scoped as being applicable only to certain types of resources (such as serials). An exception is an instruction that takes precedence over the immediately preceding instruction and applies to a specific type of resource, condition, etc. Here in RDA Toolkit, a LC-PCC PS appears which suggests the LC practice is to apply the guidelines in Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (Books) (DCRM(B)) for books published before 1801 and selected early 19th century resources instead of RDA rules. Unlike alternatives and options, exceptions are not subordinate to general instructions, therefore, RDA exceptions generally do not require policy statements, although some exceptional situations may require some additional considerations. Exceptions must be followed when applicable. They are provided when it is necessary to depart from a rule’s instructions because of a specific type of resource or situation.

Monday, January 1, 2018

Librarianship Studies in Top 50 Library Blogs on the Web

LIBRARIANSHIP STUDIES & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AWARDED TOP 50 LIBRARY BLOG

We would like to congratulate our readers as your blog Librarianship Studies & Information Technology has been awarded and selected as one of the Top 50 Library Librarian Blogs on the web. This is the most comprehensive list of Top 50 Library Blogs on the internet and we are honored to have our blog as part of this list which includes prestigious library blogs such as Library JournalThe New York Public Library blogs, and the Harvard Library blog.

Top 10 Articles of Librarianship Studies & Information Technology of the Year

Top 10 Articles of Librarianship Studies & Information Technology of the Year

Here are the 10 most popular Library and Information Science (LIS) articles of the year published in Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog which most caught our readers’ attention in 2017.

Librarianship Studies Viewing Experience: Problems and Solutions

Librarianship Studies & Information Technology

How to view Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog best on a desktop or a mobile phone and overcome the problem in reading the contents due to “background” and widgets in the left and right columns?